Punk rock is ancient history in most western countries, but elsewhere disaffected young people are discovering its anarchic energy – despite the enormous risks they face from their oppressive regimes.

The last few months, have brought news from abroad suggesting that in many places, punk’s combination of splenetic dissent, loud guitars and outre attire can cause as much disquiet and outrage as ever. The stories concerned take in Indonesia, Burma, Iraq and Russia – and most highlight one big difference between the hoo-hah kicked up by punk in the US and Britain of the late 70s, and the reactions it now stirs thousands of miles from its places of birth.

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